Human body, its subtle composition and its specialities


इन्द्रियाणि पराण्याहुरिन्द्रियेभ्यः परं मनः ।
मनसस्तु परा बुद्धिर्यो बुद्धेः परतस्तु सः ॥ – श्रीमदभगवद्गीता ३.४२
IndriYaani paranyahurindrayebhyah param manah
Mansastu para buddhiryo buddheh paratastu sah. – Shrimad Bhagvad Geeta, 3.42
Meaning: Senses are known to be beyond the gross body, meaning supreme, powerful and subtle. Beyond these senses, beyond the mind is the intellect and that which is far beyond the intellect, is Atma (soul).
Implied Meaning : Here, God Krushna is telling about the human body, its subtle composition and its specialities. Along with the gross body, the senses, the mind, intellect , and soul together make up the human body. We can see the gross body and the senses through the gross eyes; mind, intellect and soul cannot be seen by us; however, they do exist. If we cut the body into pieces, even then we cannot see the mind; but if the body gets hurt, the mind too feels the pain, meaning the mind does exist. Similarly, intellect is subtler than the mind. For instance, if a friend incites one to drink liquor, saying consuming liquor once does not bring any harm; hence, drink it just for today, then those who possess a Saatvik (pure) intellect, immediately understand through the intellect that those addicted to drinking developed the addiction only after drinking liquor for the first time and liquor is Tamoguni (spiritually impure); hence, I do not have to drink it, while those who do not have a Saatvik intellect, gives in to the sweet talk of the friends and consumes a drink. Remember, only a Saatvik intellect is subtler than the mind and by controlling the mind, can show the right direction; otherwise the mind overpowers the intellect. It is written on a cigarette packet that ‘cigarette smoking is injurious to health’ and those who smoke, even read it; but because of the intellect not being Saatvik, mind doesn’t get controlled by it and this human body, whichshould be utilised for performing Sadhana, is destroyed through smoking. Any person who practices the mind through the intellect and provides it the right direction, is capable to indulge in one’s own welfare and the ability to indulge in universal welfare too is created in him. One who is controlled by the mind, easily passes on under the control of the senses and is trapped in the web of illusion; hence, keep practicing the mind. Those who attain victory over the mind are warriors in the true sense of the term and for this, a Saatvik intellect is a must. For the intellect to be Saatvik, acts like reading holy texts written by saints, attending Satsangs (pious company), doing Sadhana, remaining in the company of saints, keeping one’s behaviour and thoughts Saatvik, abiding as per Hindu Dharma, wearing clothes and eating Saatvik food must be followed. Whenever the mind confounds you, take the suggestions of a person spiritually more evolved than you. By and by, as the intellect keeps becoming Saatvik and mind stays controlled, our ego starts getting dissolved. Remember that ego exists because of mind and intellect, no sooner the dissolution of mind and intellect takes place, than the person immediately becomes self-realised. The principle of self is subtler than intellect; hence, to get introduced to it, carrying out this process with the intellect and ego assumes prime importance. Tanuja Thakur
 


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